Health authorities in Ghana say two people in the country have been infected with the highly contagious Marburg virus disease. The virus discovered on July 10 after two people died.
There are a total of 98 people in contact with the infected person. The Ghana Health Service said they are currently in isolation. There has been no resurgence of Marburg disease in the country.
Within Africa, In Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, South Africa and Uganda previously reported cases of disease. Cases have also been reported in Europe and the United States. Here are the details What we have learned About this disease.
What kind of disease is Marburg virus disease (MVD)?
According to the CDC, Marburg virus disease is a severe dengue fever. It cause by the Marburg virus.
It was first discovered in Germany in 1967 after research on African green monkeys. In what was then Yugoslavia, the Marburg virus was from the same family as Ebola.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Viral infections “originate from prolonged exposure of Rousettus colonies to mines or caves inhabited by bats”.
Once a person is infected with the disease, It can be transmitted from person to person. In addition, the infection is blood, It can transmit through body parts or direct contact. It spread through contact with other bodily fluids of an infected person.
What are the symptoms of Marburg virus disease?
According to the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), illness caused by the virus often starts suddenly. You may experience the following symptoms within two to 21 days after being infected Marburg virus disease.
sickness chills Muscle pain and chest pain The most noticeable rash can occur on the back and stomach, according to the CDC. Nausea Chest pain Sore throat Abdominal pain and diarrhea may also appear.
According to the WHO, patients can develop severe bleeding symptoms within seven days. People with severe disease usually bleed from multiple sites.
In the acute phase, patients show persistent high fever. The patient is confused, Can also show irritability and aggression.
In severe cases, death can occur within 8 to 9 days of onset. It is usually caused by severe blood loss and shock, according to the WHO.
Mortality rates have varied from 24 to 88 percent in previous outbreaks, depending on the strain of the virus and case management.
The contagion is still present in some people who have recovered. The infection can be found in the testicles and inside the eyes. If pregnant women become infected, the virus can persist in the placenta and fetus.
How can Marburg virus disease treated?
According to WHO reports, there is no proven treatment for MVD. There are supportive care and treatments for specific symptoms.
Intensive care includes rehydration with oral and intravenous fluids. Blood products Several potential treatments are currently being evaluated and tested, including immunotherapies and drug therapies.
Samples collected from patients are classified as “high biohazard” laboratory tests. Such dangerous clinical trials need to be carefully conducted under properly controlled conditions.
Is there a way to prevent Marburg virus disease ?
According to GAVI, People need to avoid contact with each other to prevent infection. Therefore, strict infection control measures required.
It is important to avoid eating or handling bushmeat to avoid transmission to animals. Widespread awareness raising among communities and health workers. Such actions are important because they can lead to better prevention.
The WHO advises men who have recovered from the infection to have safe sex. Maintain hygiene for 12 months from the onset of symptoms or until the virus is not detected in semen.
WHO recommends that healthcare workers wear gloves and appropriate protective equipment when caring for patients.
The WHO also recommends avoiding contact with fruit bats in cases of infection. The UN agency said they could be potential amplification hosts during outbreaks.